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Figurative language is speech or writing that departs from normal meaning or sound to

create a special effect. These "literary devices" as they are called are: alliteration, hyperbole, idioms,

metaphors, personification, onomatopoeia and similies. Last month, we tackled the first device

"alliteration." Here we're going to discuss the fun device "hyperbole."


The meaning of hyperbole is a gross exaggeration, in order to emphasize a point. And we use it in

both everyday speech and when writing.

Here are some examples:

1) My dad can lift two tons (i.e. he is a very strong person). You should have the idea from here.

2) That food was so hot my ears were smoking.

3) That boy runs faster than a car.

4) I'm so tired I could sleep a year.

5) I'm 20 feet tall this month.

6) I must have walked a thousand miles.

7) He cried so long that he made a lake.

8) I'm so hungry I could eat a horse.

9) You have a million toys at your house.



Stay connected for t…
TESOL International (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages), based in Alexandria,


Virginia, USA, will end its electoral process on Monday, Nov. 5th, 2018. Members in every area of


the globe voted for its new President, Board of Directors and Nominating Committee. This is the


world's largest professional organization for both teachers of English as a Second Language (ESL)



and English as a Foreign Language (EFL): www.tesol.org

What is Figurative Language?

Figurative language is speech or writing that departs from normal meaning or sound to create a

create a special effect. These "literary devices" as they are called are: alliteration, hyperbole, idioms,

metaphors, personification, onomatopoeia and similies.



In this post, we'll cover the first device, "Alliteration." It is the repetition of a sound in a sentence or

in a series of sentences.

An example is: Samantha soared down the street on her sleek skateboard. Here the repetition is of

the sound of the letter 'S.'


*Stay tuned for tomorrow's definition and example of 'hyperbole.'


www.englishteachinghoboken.com


The comma

The comma is a much misused and often over used piece of punctuation. The complexity of its usage stems primarily from the fact that there are several different situations in which the comma is the correct piece of punctuation to use. The trick is to identify those situations so as not to use the comma in places where it really should not be.

The following are some of the situations in which a comma should be used:

1. To separate the elements in a list of three or more items.
E.G: The potion included gobstoppers, chewing gum, bran flakes and coleslaw.
There appears to be some debate about whether or not to include a comma to separate the last two items in the series. Personally I was taught to omit the comma before the final 'and' unless there is a danger that the last two items in the series will merge and become indistinguishable without the comma.

His favourite puddings were ice apple pie, rhubarb crumble…

Reading Strategies!

PREDICT: Try to figure out what might happen next.




VISUALIZE: Picture the people, places and events being described.




CONNECT: Connect what you are reading to other texts and the real world.




QUESTION: (Self-Questioning): Ask questions about the material you are reading. This is crucial

for the continuous development of ideas.




CLARIFY: Investigate and Identify the main points and summarize.




EVALUATE: Judge the story and the actions of characters. This is also important to develop your

creativity and opinions.

How Do We Learn Grammar...?

The first thing you need to do is learn the 8 "Parts of Speech."




*NOUN-: The name of a person, place, thing or idea.



*PRONOUN-: It substitutes a noun or a noun phrase to avoid repetition.




*ADJECTIVE-: It describes or gives more information about a noun or pronoun.



*VERB-: It shows an action or a state of being.



*ADVERB-: It provides meaning to a verb, an adjective or another in a descriptive, specific or limiting way.


*PREPOSITION-: It shows the relationship of either a noun or pronoun to another word.


*CONJUNCTION-: It joins words, ideas and phrases together, showing how they are connected.


*INTERJECTION-: It is a word or phrase that shows a strong emotion.


When You Read...

Remember to be able to read fluently you need to recognize sounds and patterns, comprehend the

words you read and understand how the words work together in a sentence to convey meaning.



                                                       Developing Reading Skills:

A lower level reading skill is comprehension.

Higher level reading skills are identifying purpose and intent.


                                                    If You Are A Beginning Reader:

1) You need to identify, understand and manipulate the English phonemes. They will help you

understand meaning when you see patterns in root words, prefixes and suffixes.

2) The English language is read from left to right.

3) The English language is read from top to bottom.

4) Letters and words convey messages.

5) When you get to the end of a line (on the right), you need to return to the beginning of the next

 line (on the left).

6) The illustrations in a book correspond to the words written there.

7) Decoding: Once you have built …